Where the Rubber Meets the Road Operations and Quality Control in School Accountability Systems

In this paper, Senior Associates Leslie Keng and Juan D’Brot outline practical guidelines and considerations as states get their accountability systems up and running. The authors describe a framework that states can use to guide the development of their accountability implementation plan and put guardrails in place to help validate accountability system outcomes. They explore the operational workflow through the three main stages of operational implementation: input, processing, and output.