This toolkit is designed to provide teachers, curriculum coordinators and school leaders with the information and resources necessary to understand the underlying expectations of text dependent analysis. Additional instructional resources are included to support the implementation of text dependent analysis in the classroom.
The Case for Shifting Curriculum and Instruction
Text dependent analysis is much more than an item type on a state test; it’s a cognitively complex expectation. At the Center, we work with states and districts to help them understand the curriculum and instructional implications of teaching students the underlying knowledge and skills necessary to respond to questions or prompts requiring analysis.
This paper explains the characteristics of a text-dependent analysis prompt, whether for a state assessment or for instruction as outlined in the Common Core State Standards. It describes the literacy research that supports the use of a text dependent analysis prompt as necessary for deeper learning, explains what is meant by college- and career-readiness and how an analytic response to text supports this readiness, and highlights some implications of text dependent analysis for instructional and curriculum decision-making.
|Text Dependent Analysis: The Need for a Shift in Instruction and Curriculum
Text Dependent Analysis: K-3 Exploratory Study Report
For additional reading about creating systemic change with text dependent analysis, see our case studies. To learn more about analysis, please visit our blogs.
Moving Into Text Dependent Analysis
Listed below are the key types of resources necessary for understanding text dependent analysis and implementing analysis instruction in the classroom. Scroll down for details on each.
Text Dependent Analysis Instructional Resources
Below is a set of instructional resources developed to help educators understand and teach the underlying components of analysis, and support student responses to a text dependent analysis prompt.
Narrative Text: TDA Close Reading Lesson Plans (Grades K-8)
The text-dependent analysis close reading lessons are designed to be example pathways for teaching comprehension and analysis of the reading elements found in narrative texts. These plans guide teachers through the planning and teaching of each lesson and modeling the responses to a TDA prompt.
|Developing Close Reading Lessons Leading to Analysis (link coming soon)
|(video module to come)
|TDA Close Reading Lesson Grades K-2 (link coming soon)
|TDA Close Reading Lesson Grade 3
|TDA Close Reading Lesson Grade 4
|TDA Close Reading Lesson Grade 5
|TDA Close Reading Lesson Grade 6
|TDA Close Reading Lesson Grade 7
|TDA Close Reading Lesson Grade 8
Narrative Text: Samples of Annotated Student Responses to TDA Prompts
The TDA Learning Progressions describe student work that characterizes each level of mastery, from a beginning TDA writer to one who is meeting the expectations of text dependent analysis essay writing. Teachers can use the TDA LPs to identify students’ strengths and needs based on what they can do at specific points in time.
These insights inform teachers’ instructional decision-making about moving student comprehension, analysis, and writing to the next level. The Annotated Student Work Samples use the learning progression levels (beginning, emerging, developing, and meeting) to identify students’ strengths and areas of need in the underlying components of text-dependent analysis (reading comprehension, analysis, and essay writing).
|Purpose and Use of TDA Learning Progressions-K-8
|(video module to come)
|Analyzing TDA Responses Using the TDA Learning Progressions (link coming soon)
|(video module to come)
|TDA-Grades K-2 Annotated Student Responses
|TDA-Grade 3 Annotated Student Responses
|TDA-Grade 4 Annotated Student Responses
|TDA-Grade 5 Annotated Student Responses
|TDA-Grade 6 Annotated Student Responses
|TDA-Grade 7 Annotated Student Responses
|TDA-Grade 8 Annotated Student Responses
Narrative Text: TDA Replacement Units (Grades 3-8)
Successfully analyzing text, at any grade level, requires more than a lesson that guides students in responding to a text-dependent analysis prompt for one particular text. Students need to engage in a series of coherent units throughout the entire year that systematically promote deeper learning and analysis of the reading/literary elements.
These Replacement Units are intended to supplant ineffective units that do not move beyond superficial understandings, knowledge, and skills of English language arts. This is not to suggest that the selected texts in current units of instruction are not complex or appropriate. In fact, there are many high-quality texts in anthologies and other resources that are currently used in classrooms, schools, and districts.
Replacement Units provide teachers with a way to reshuffle the text so students can dive deeply into comprehension and analysis of a small set of reading/ literary elements using a variety of texts, and demonstrate their ability to respond to a TDA prompt in writing.
|Developing Replacement Units Leading to Analysis (link coming soon)
|(video module to come)
|Grades K-2 (link coming soon)
|Grade 3 – Analyzing Characterization and Central Message
|Grade 4 – Analyzing Character and Theme
|Grade 5 – Analyzing Character and Theme
|Grade 6 (link coming soon)
|Grade 7 (link coming soon)
|Grade 8 (link coming soon)
Informational Text: TDA Close Reading Lesson Plans (Grades K-8)
The text-dependent analysis close reading lessons are designed to be example pathways for teaching comprehension and analysis of the reading elements found in informational texts. These plans guide teachers through the planning and teaching of each lesson, and model responses to TDA prompts.
|Grades K-2 – PDF link coming
|Grade 3 – PDF link coming
|Grade 4 – PDF link coming
|Grade 5 – PDF link coming
|Grade 6 – PDF link coming
|Grade 7 – PDF link coming
|Grade 8 – PDF link coming
Teaching students to successfully demonstrate comprehension and analysis requires deconstructing the underlying knowledge, skills, and patterns of reasoning for the relevant grade-level standards. This set of grade-level deconstructed standards supports all curriculum and instruction and is a resource for teachers as they lead students to analyze texts
|Using the Grades K-8 Deconstructed Standards (link coming soon)
|(video soon to come)
|Kindergarten Deconstructed Standards
|Grade 1 Deconstructed Standards
|Grade 2 Deconstructed Standards
|Grade 3 Deconstructed Standards
|Grade 4 Deconstructed Standards
|Grade 5 Deconstructed Standards
|Grade 6 Deconstructed Standards
|Grade 7 Deconstructed Standards
|Grade 8 Deconstructed Standards
Text Dependent Analysis Toolkit: Video Modules
Responding to text dependent analysis questions requires students to draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. Students must read literary and/or informational text and write an essay response that draws evidence, both explicit and implicit, from the text to support their analysis using effective written communication knowledge and skills. This practice of close, analytic reading requires students to critically examine a text to analyze the deep structures and big ideas and then provide evidence from the text in support of their responses.
TDA prompts, therefore, represent a move beyond general reading comprehension questions such as “What is the main idea?” to specific questions that require students to draw evidence from the text to defines their response and explain the relevance of that evidence in writing.
This series of video modules was created to help educators understand and deepen their knowledge of text-dependent analysis questions.
|Analyzing Reading Elements & Structures (coming soon)
|Collaborative Discussions for Close Reading (coming soon)
|Modeling a TDA Response (coming soon)
|Purpose and Use of TDA Learning Progressions (coming soon)
|Analyzing TDA Responses Using the TDA Learning Progressions (coming soon)
|Developing Close Reading Lessons Leading to Analysis (coming soon)
|Developing Replacement Units Leading to Analysis (coming soon)
|Using the Grades K-8 Deconstructed Standards (coming soon)
All resources created by Jeri Thompson, a senior associate at the Center for Assessment, for the Pennsylvania Department of Education.